Bauhaus UK Modern Classics supply a wide range of leather furniture pieces which are reproductions of contemporary and classic furniture icons, such as Charles Eames lounge chair, Jacobsen Egg Chair, Barcelona chair by Mies Van Der Rhoe, Knoll Sofa, Eileen Grey Daybed, Le Corbusier LC4 Chaise Long, Le Corbusier Armchair and many designer furniture pieces, Bauhaus UK select the finest leather upholstery to reproduce these designer furniture reproduction pieces, the grade of leather varies in quality and durability and each level comes with its own definition and process applications.
Furniture companies such as Leather world, DFS, Harveys Furniture, and other leading companies, usually associate leather furniture mainly with sofas, looking beyond the leather sofa industry and soon we find out that the leather upholstery dominated not only sofa design but all range of furniture pieces including office furniture, dining furniture, lounge chairs, bedroom furniture and more. Leather furniture has become a vital part of our modern interior design and reach a complicated level of leather grades and terminologies, sometimes it is quite overwhelming and confusing to identify the grade of leather material and its quality level.
So what are the grades of any leather upholstery material and how we identify and measure its quality level in our furniture pieces ?
Leather Definition :
Leather is the hide or skin of a mammal, cow, pig or goat which has been made pliable into top layer and inner layers and resistant to decay by a chemical treatment called tanning.The top layer of the hide is the highest quality of leather..There are two types of processing the leather tanning : Vegetable tanning soaks the hide in tunic acid and chemical tanning soaks it in a solution of chromium salts.Tanning stops the skins from decaying, makes them water-resistant and keeps them pliable.
Vegetable tanning is used for large heavy cow hides
Chromium salt tanning for the lighter hides sheep, lambs, pigs,goats
We all love a high quality leather piece of furniture to enjoy and display in our homes and business environments, Quality Leather sofas in particular are a good investment as they last four times longer than the fabric sofas and usually provide a more clamour touch to our interior designs.
Sofa manufacturers have applied many techniques to invent different grade leather for furniture in order to make it affordable.
It is very important to know the grade of the leather before purchasing your leather furniture pieces as it will determine the comfort and quality of your leather upholstery and its resistance to tear and wear
The word Aniline is an industry term for transparent dyes that are used to colour hides.A very thin layer of polyurethane seals the hide and either oil or wax finish is applied as a protecting payer against spills and light scratches..
The Full Aniline Leather is the Most Expensive,attractive and soft natural leather cow hide..It is %100 natural made from the outer portion of the Hide without no colour coating added to the surface of the hide and has a gorgeous look and beautiful feel..Full aniline leather has only a very light protective coating but is fully dyed so does not scratch like waxed hide. We recommend you apply protection cream to this leather at least three times a year.
Only 5 of every 100 hides produced are sufficiently defect-free to become aniline. Because they don’t have a top colour coating the leather breathes more easily and is cooler to sit on.these are the leathers that tend to develop a rich patina with age.
Key Features : Very ideal for office,reception and decor use..
2/ Semi Aniline Leather:
Also known as Top Grain Leather.It a pure aniline leather made from the outer portion of the hide but is buffed with a small amount of pigment or clear finish to get rid of any imperfections. This is the longest lasting leather because it is made from the outer portion of the hide and is treated to make it last longer..
Key Features : Very Ideal and functional for home Use
allowing the natural characteristics of the hide to still show through while offering some of the benefits of colour consistency and increased wearability.
3/ Corrected Leather :
The corrected leather is the most basic type available and used by the larger furniture stores..While the Full grain leather is used from the top hide layer,the corrected leather is used from the split inner layers..It is made from the hides that can not be used as top aniline layers..Corrected grain has a coated finish that creates a very uniform feel with a strong protective coating. Corrected grain has a fairly soft finish but it is not a luxurious as higher grades..
4/ Natural waxed hide
Also Known as the Pigment Dyed Leather*..The Natural waxed hide is often used in classic, contemporary and modern leather sofa furniture. It is very soft,usually made from the inner layer of the Hide and comes with a protective coating. Natural features such as the original scars and changes in the hide are visible which adds most of the appeal. If you scratch the leather it will lighten when the oil or wax separates, but will return to its original colour when you rub it or apply a protective cream.With years of use, pigment dyed leathers may require you to touch up scratches that have penetrated deep enough into the leather to reach the natural hide, which would be lighter in color.
5/ Double thickness Hide :
Double thickness leather has a heavy grain, is twice as thick as normal leather, is durable and specifically protected so that it can withstand everyday use. It works very well when used for large furniture as well as square designed furniture.
Double thickness hide has a heavy grain and is very well protected and exceptionally good for everyday/ heavy use..
What is a Faux Leather ?
Faux leather is a fake leather meant to imitate tanned animal hide–real leather. Frequently it is made from a polyurethane laminate. Faux leather can also be defined as “Naugahyde,” a trademarked term for fake leather…
Accoring to Wikipidea :
Naugahyde (sometimes abbreviated to Nauga) is an American brand of artificial leather (“pleather”). Naugahyde is a composite of a knit fabric backing and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic coating. It was developed by United States Rubber Company,
- Dust or vacuum regularly
- Use lukewarm distilled water for spills or stains to prevent watermark rings or stains.
- Use a soft cloth like a chamois or a soft sponge to prevent scratches or abrasions.
- Wipe lightly in one direction.
- Blot with a dry cloth and let the leather air dry naturally.
- Do not place furniture on or near heat sources. Heat can cause natural leather to crack and age prematurely.
Remember Leather is a natural product and requires some care to maintain the natural beauty of the hide.
- For minor or slight scratches on the surface, use chamois or clean fingers to gently buff the scratch.
- Not all scratches have the same depth so the technique may not work on deeper scratches. The friction and heat from the rubbing helps redistribute the wax in the surrounding area to cover the scratch.